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Periodontal Therapy

Overview

“Periodontal” refers to gums, the soft pink skin that supports teeth and covers bones in the mouth. About 80% of American adults have gum disease, a bacterial infection that breaks down the bond between gums and teeth. Gum disease has serious overall health implications in that it is associated with increased potential for:
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Dementia
  • Diabetes complications
  • Heart attack/heart disease
  • Low-weight births
  • Osteoporosis
  • Respiratory problems
  • Stroke
  • Tooth loss

Logistics

Depending upon your level of gum disease, the hygienist and dentist will recommend appropriate therapy. If you have mild gingivitis, changing your oral homecare routine could solve the problem. However, a deep cleaning is often recommended for mild to moderate gum disease. This procedure involves scaling to remove hardened plaque (tartar or calculus) from below the gum line and root planing to reduce rough areas on teeth’s roots where bacteria tend to gather and flourish. Many offices will use laser therapies for early, moderate, and advanced cases. Advanced gum disease cases may be referred to a periodontist. In some cases, surgery may be required.
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